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  • 中山大學陳瑤生教授團隊在PRRSV研究領域取得突破性成果

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    • 日期: 2017-05-15
    • 來源: 中國病毒學論壇

    2017年5月10日,國際病毒學頂級期刊《Journal of Virology》在線發表了中山大學生命科學學院陳瑤生教授團隊郭春和博士在PRRSV領域所取得的突破性成果“Heparanase upregulation contributes to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus release”。

     

    豬藍耳病毒(PRRSV)主要感染肺泡巨噬細胞,破壞免疫系統,引起免疫抑制,對養豬業造成巨大損失,相當于人的艾滋病毒。目前該病毒致病機理還未完全闡述。

     

    該團隊郭春和博士一直致力于PRRSV研究。其在PRRSV感染不同時間點發現:病毒感染早期硫酸乙酰肝素(Heparan sulfate, HS)受體表達量升高,以促進病毒吸附;但是,在感染晚期,HS表達量下降,即病毒抑制HS表達。對此,郭博士展開詳細研究,他發現PRRSV在感染晚期,病毒需要從細胞膜表面釋放出來,而此時膜上的HS會與病毒相互黏連,抑制病毒釋放,即HS受體是一把雙刃劍。PRRSV為了釋放出來,通過激活NF-κB信號通路上調表達乙酰肝素酶Heparanase,并通過激活組織蛋白酶Cathepsin L激活Heparanase,激活的Heparanase遷移到細胞膜上切割HS,抑制其與病毒粒子黏連,從而促進病毒釋放(如下圖所示)。

    PRRSV釋放模式圖

     

    本研究首次闡述了PRRSV釋放機制,對該病毒防控具有重要指導意義。乙酰肝素酶Heparanase可作為抗PRRSV的重要靶位點。對此,郭春和博士挖掘到鋅離子載體Pyrithione通過靶向Heparanase抑制病毒復制,相關研究成果已申報國家發明專利,并發表在中科院一區Veterinary Microbiology雜志上。

     

    Heparanase upregulation contributes to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus release

     

    Abstract

     

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) continues to cause substantial economic losses to the pig industry worldwide. Heparan sulfate (HS) is used by PRRSV for initial attachment to target cells. However, the role of HS in the late phase of PRRSV infection and the mechanism of virus release from host cells remain largely unknown. In this study, we showed that PRRSV infection caused a decrease of HS expression and upregulated heparanase, the only known enzyme capable to degrade HS. We subsequently demonstrated that the NF-κB signaling pathway and cathepsin L protease were involved in regulation of PRRSV infection-induced heparanase. In addition, we found that ablation of heparanase expression using small interfering RNA duplexes increased cell surface expression of HS and suppressed PRRSV replication and release, whereas overexpression of heparanase reduced HS surface expression and enhanced PRRSV replication and release. These data suggest that PRRSV activates NF-κB and cathepsin L to upregulate and process heparanase, then the active heparanase cleave HS, resulting in viral release. Our findings provide new insight into the molecular mechanism of PRRSV egress from host cells, which might help us to further understand PRRSV pathogenesis.

     

    原文鏈接:http://jvi.asm.org/content/early/2017/05/04/JVI.00625-17.long

     

    文章來源/中國病毒學論壇

    作者/郭春和 

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